Gem Profile September 20: Eilat Stone – the National Stone of Israel

By on September 20, 2013
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by Layna Palmer,

Today's Gem Profile is...

Eilat Stone


In my quest for beautiful and rare stones, I thought we would travel to Israel to learn about a stone that is not only named for a city, but is also the national stone of Israel.  We will not travel to the Israel of today though, but to the 10th century BCE, the time of Solomon and the kingdom he ruled.

How do we get Eilat Stone?

Some of the most extensive copper mines from this period existed in the kingdom of Edom which extended from the Dead Sea to the Golf of Aqaba (Gulf of Arabia).

Eilat map

Eilat map

The Edomites were mostly nomadic people who lived in tents and also mined copper from the Timna mines which are located near the city of Eilat. The Edomites were known to have had many conflicts with the Israelites, and it is thought that King Solomon may have been able to either exert influence or form a trade agreement for the copper located within the mines.

Aerial photograph of Eilat today.

Aerial photograph of Eilat today.

In addition to copper being mined at Timna, a beautiful stone made of malachite, azurite, chrysocolla and turquoise was found as a secondary copper mineral.  The stone was named after the city closest to the mine; Eilat in an area known as “King Solomon’s Mines” which was named by American archeologist Nelson Glueck.  Eilat has also been found in tombs and archeological sites dating from this same period.

Pure Eilat Stone:

Eilat, or “King Solomon’s Stone,” looks like an artist took blue, green and gray paint then swirled it together forming beautiful patterns set in stone. Eilat is found in the Timna mining district and within one other mine along the Red Sea which has been played-out.

Though similar stones have been found in Arizona and Africa, only the Eilat from Israel contains chrysocolla specific to that region and can be called “true” or pure Eilat stone.  This really shouldn’t matter to most artists or their customers, but probably will to the purists among us; caveat emptor.

Eilat stone jewel

Eilat stone jewel

Eilat stone

Eilat stone


Israel today encompasses much of the kingdom of Edom with the mines and the city of Eilat being at its Southern tip. King Solomon’s Stone is also becoming more and more difficult to find due to the mine at Timna flooding and the designation as a national park and archeological site.  Since the stone is really only found in this one area, the supplies are dwindling and prices are climbing.

Eilat harbor

Eilat harbor

Caring for your Eilat Stone:

Eilat stone is a cousin of turquoise and should be treated and cared for the same way.  Be very careful with the stone if there are light or sky-blue inclusions as these tend to be extremely soft and may crumble.

Eilat stone earrings

Eilat stone earrings

Eilat is usually cut en cabochon or round beads to show the beautiful patterns and swirls of malachite and turquoise in the stone. Due to the pattern variations, no two stones will look alike which adds to the beauty and uniqueness of Eilat.

Eilat stone pendant. courtesy of Ophir jewelry

Eilat stone pendant. Courtesy of Ophir Jewelry


Wrapping it up:

Next week we’ll take a look at another rare beauty: Vesuvianite. First found adjacent to lavas on Mount Vesuvius, this beautiful mineral is fascinating! You won’t want to miss it.



Do you have any jewelry you’ve created that you’d like to share with us? Send us pictures at and they could be featured!



Gem Profile by Layna Palmer

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  1. avatar

    Kathy K

    September 20, 2013 at 9:47 am

    Really appreciated the history and scope of this article!

  2. avatar

    Dena Ellison

    September 21, 2013 at 9:10 am

    Thank you for a very informative article. I love learning about stones, and this one is new to me. :)

    Well done!

  3. avatar


    September 21, 2013 at 3:09 pm

    Interesting stone but how do you pronounce it? Is it long a like in eight or long i?

  4. avatar

    Barbara Tumlinson

    September 23, 2013 at 10:44 am

    My favorite color is green. There are unlimited colors of green. The last few gem stones have all been green or had green in them. All of the history and information is very accurate. Thank you!

  5. avatar

    arianne m

    April 7, 2014 at 5:16 pm

    Good afternoon, thank u so much for all the information. I love gemstones and antique. I have an antique brass bottle opener from jerusalen with the gemstone from mt eilat . Unfortunately the stone is missing but still the bottle opener its a beautiful piece of art.

  6. avatar


    May 6, 2015 at 10:19 am

    do you sell the genuine Israeli made eilat stones? I want to get some pieces. thanks