Gem Profile- Variscite
by Judy Ellis
This week we're going to talk about another green stone; Variscite. Though not green like Demantoid or Tsavorite Garnets, Variscite is a beautiful stone named for the German locality of Variscia where it was first discovered in 1837. Variscite is often confused with turquoise, though it is greener in color and is found in fewer places. If the dealer couldn't tell if the stone is turquoise or variscite, sometimes the stone simply got the name variquoise! (It is probably variscite, though.)
Peggy Campbell sent in this photo of variscite from Lucin, Utah. She says, the darker green is hard to find, but easy to polish. The lighter it is, the harder it seems to polish. It's one of her favorites because of the rare green color, plus the multitude of patterns it has!
Judy Ellis's Gem Profile- Variscite - , General Education, , Variscite
Variscite Facts & Locations

Variscite is a relatively rare hydrated aluminum phosphate, formed as a secondary mineral in areas where phosphate and clay minerals are found together. Variscite is formed near the surface in nodules or veins, and as breccias in fault lines; it can form in crystals though they are very small and rare. Variscite has a sister mineral, Strengite, that has iron instead of aluminum in the chemical composition. In this case the Variscite is pink to purple. This pink variscite is mostly found in Brazil around iron mines or other iron-rich areas with clay soil.

Though originally found in Germany and still mined there today, the best specimens are found in Utah near Farfield and Lucin in Utah County where the variscite is found in the form of nodules. Other notable areas for variscite are Nevada; Queensland, Australia; and Brazil. Variscite is also known as Utahlite, Lucinite, Bolivarite, and Barrandite.

Linda Pope wrapped this bright 50mm green donut in 14kt GF wire. The necklace and earrings set also include some diamond-shaped stones, with Swarovski crystals, glass pearls and chrysocolla. The green stones were sold to her as variscite, but they are likely sea sediment jasper (see comments below).
Judy Ellis's Gem Profile- Variscite - , General Education, , Green necklace and earrings
Care for Variscite

Variscite is a relatively soft mineral with a Mohs Hardness of 3-5. Since it is a close cousin of Turquoise, you should treat it in very much the same way; keep it away from oil, rough handling and ultrasonic cleaners. Don't clean it with solvents, or use oil on the stone to improve luster as it will discolor. Variscite can be reconstituted in the same manner as turquoise and so far we haven't seen any stimulants except for the really funky colors coming out of China that are pretty, but really not variscite.

Peggy Campbell made this pale green variscite from Lucin into a pendant necklace.
Judy Ellis's Gem Profile- Variscite - , General Education, , Variscite jewelry set
Variscite Metaphysical Properties

Variscite is known to help balance the central nervous system, clarify the mind and help with depression. It can help give courage, build self-reliance and bring success to the wearer. Variscite centers the heart chakra and forms a connection between spiritual and physical bodies.

Peggy Campbell created this variscite and chain pendant with variscite from Lucin, Utah
Judy Ellis's Gem Profile- Variscite - , General Education, , Variscite Pendant
Come Find some Variscite

Road Trip! Okay, so if you really want so see some variscite for yourself, you can either take a trip to JOGS (Tucson), your local rock shop or come visit us in Utah! The mines that have variscite are located in one of the most remote areas in Utah, surrounded by salt flats and pretty much nothing else, but if you're a really hardcore rockhound, travel to Snowville, Utah and head toward Wells, Nevada. When you're about halfway to Wells, there will be a dirt road that turns toward a small mountain in the distance; this is where the Variscite mine is. Keep in mind that if you pick up variscite from anywhere be sure there is not a mining claim or that it's not on BLM land. See the Utah State Geology website for more information and please take plenty of water, a GPS, and a satellite phone.

A couple Variscite cabochons from
Judy Ellis's Gem Profile- Variscite - , General Education, , Variscite cabochon
Judy Ellis's Gem Profile- Variscite - , General Education, , Variscite cabochon
There's no shame in leaving variscite mining to the pros, though! You're better off visiting Provo and purchasing some from the many rock shops that carry it there. Hike Bridal Veil Falls, see the mountains, and go skiing this time of year, or boating later in the summer. Take a short trip to Salt Lake, visit the Natural History Museum at the University of Utah, and see some great samples of Variscite. You can even catch the symphony, a play or visit the zoo while you're here too! (and come see us, of course!)
Resources & Recommended Reading


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