Wire Thickness

Daily Wire Tip Jan. 17: Wire Gauges Explained

By on January 17, 2010
Print Friendly

Daily Wire Jewelry Making Tip
January 17, 2010

Question:

I’m not sure what thickness to use. I have a 22 gauge craft wire that is too thin. I want a thicker wire. Do I go higher in number or lower. I thought that the higher numbers are thicker but  on this website (Wire-Sculpture.com) the higher numbers (say 26 gauge) are cheaper than the lower numbers (22 gauge). So I am confused. Shouldn’t the thicker wire be more expensive since it has more silver in it? Am I incorrect in thinking that the higher numbers are thicker.

Answer:

Wire sizes get smaller as their gauge number gets larger. For example, a 12 gauge wire is 2.88mm or 0.11 inch across, whereas a 24 gauge wire is only 0.511mm or 0.02 inch across. Round wire will appear smaller than square wire because the distance that determines the gauge/size is measured across the center of the wire. Wire-Sculpture does have a chart that shows wire gauge conversions:  http://wire-sculpture.com/pages/All_About_Wire.html

Answer contributed by Dale “Cougar” Armstrong

Have a question? Submit your question here

5 Comments

  1. avatar

    Marianne

    January 17, 2010 at 9:07 am

    The website says that the page has been moved or does not exist. Can you please republish the Wire Conversion chart. I am very new and enjoy your tips very much. Thank you

    • avatar

      dalecgr

      January 17, 2010 at 11:29 am

      Sorry! We were working on page rewrites when I first answered this question and we did have the conversion chart up. In the meantime:
      Conversion Table – Gauge to Inches and Millimeters
      Gauge Size
      10 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26 28 30
      Diameter in inches
      .1019 .0808 .0641 .0403 .0508 .0320 .0253 .0201 .0159 .0125 .0100
      Diameter in mm
      2.588 2.05 1.63 1.29 1.02 .813 .643 .511 .404 .320 .254

  2. avatar

    David Gunny Bates

    January 17, 2010 at 9:12 am

    Thanks for the tip on using hemostats for holding wire bundles together. I use a piece of tape around the bundle and then the hemostat and it works fine. I use this method on bundles for 12 wires and up, and have no problems.
    Thanks so much
    David Gunny Bates

  3. avatar

    mary

    January 19, 2010 at 5:32 pm

    When I first started working with wire, the gauges just didn’t make sense at all. Big gauge number = little wire size, what kind of system is that? Personally, I think it is a man thing….ROFL.

  4. avatar

    walter daniels

    January 1, 2011 at 2:56 pm

    It’s not so much a “man” thing, as a metal workers thing. It comes, _I think_, from the number of weights to equal a pound. For example, a 12 gauge shotgun, requires 12 pieces of lead, the diameter of the barrel, to make 1 lb. I imagine a similar method applies to wire gauges.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

You may use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

Security Code: